Why react-native and web3 integration is important in tech?

react native and web3

You might be wondering how to increase the user base of your Web3 marketplace or Web3 social platform, or you’re a healthcare or supply chain business and want to empower your employers, vendors, and contractors with highly secure, trusted, and gamified DApps.

Answers to all these queries are React-Native and Web3 – based decentralized mobile app development for iOS and Android devices.

Web3, the internet’s next evolution, contrasts with the current Web2, owned by platform giants like Google and Meta. Web3 democratizes the internet, granting users content ownership and monetization via Blockchain, smart contracts, and tokens.

Currently, Web3 platforms are limited to computer users, hindering user base expansion. To overcome this, creating cross-platform mobile apps using React Native taps into the vast iOS and Android user base, driving traffic to your Web3 apps.

Interesting facts:

  • iOS user base: There are approximately 1.36 billion iPhone users worldwide according to BankMyCell as of 2023.
  • Android user base: Worldwide, 3.6 billion mobile phone users use Android devices. The data has been reported by BankMyCell in 2023.

So, you can tap a total of 5 billion internet users worldwide to drive traffic to your Web3 properties if you go mobile with React Native!

Besides many advantages, you can also face many challenges to integrate React Native and Web3. This article will discuss those advantages, challenges, and ways to overcome the challenges to create the best decentralized mobile apps.

What Is React Native?

React Native is a popular app development framework for iOS and Android devices. It uses JavaScript as the programming language and React, a collection of JavaScript libraries for developing user interface elements.

It enables you to create cross-platform apps, compatible with iOS and Android. And that too, using a single code base. React Native utilizes a declarative syntax, allowing you to describe the desired user interface, and it automatically updates the view when the underlying data changes.

This makes it efficient for developing interactive and dynamic mobile apps. The framework also supports the use of native components, providing a native-like performance and look.
Popular mobile apps like Instagram, Skype, Facebook, Airbnb, etc., have been built on React Native.

Key Features of React Native

Find below the major features and functionalities of the React Native development framework:

  • React Native is actively maintained, developed, and updated by Meta Open Source, a project owned by Meta Platforms, Inc. You probably know the company as Facebook!
  • You only write code once and deploy it on both iOS and Android platforms.
  • As an app developer, you can use a concise and expressive syntax to define the UI, making it easier to understand and maintain.
  • Integrates seamlessly with native components, enhancing performance and ensuring a native look and feel. For example, codelet UITextField to get native TextInput for iOS and EditText for Android.
  • You can write business logic and user interface codes in JavaScript. It’s highly likely your entire app development team already are masters of JavaScript coding. So, there’s barely a learning curve to implement React Native in your decentralized mobile app development projects for Web3 properties.
  • You can extend the functionalities of your React Native development projects by installing third-party plugins. For example, you can use Google Map React third-party library to implement maps in your DApp. 

Benefits of React Native in DApp Development Projects

Here’s why the best Web3 businesses and DApp developers choose React Native:

  • You only develop a single code base and use that for iOS and Android devices simultaneously. This minimizes the cost and time of DApp development.
  • App modules and UIs developed using React Native are highly reusable for other projects and platforms.
  • If you’re testing different app UI designs or business logic in your DApp, you can use Hot Reloading to display the changes immediately on an emulator without changing the whole app.
  • React Native has become the go-to app development framework since the top decentralized mobile apps are already using it. For instance, the Ethora super app is the most popular DApp based on React Native.
  • You can take your DApp to the market quickly and before your competitors do so. Because React Native comes with a faster development cycle.

What Is Web3?

Web3 is a decentralized internet that envisions a user-centric, trustless, and open ecosystem. It utilizes a blockchain network to enable secured peer-to-peer interactions. This removes intermediaries and boosts user ownership of data.

In the Web3 paradigm, Ethereum smart contracts facilitate programmable agreements on a Web3 platform for transaction or content uploading. This writes the ownership in a blockchain which is immutable.

You can also host your Web3 property on other blockchains like IBM Blockchain, Hyperledger Fabric, R3 Corda, Tezos, etc.

In a nutshell, Web3 is a mix of cryptocurrency, tokenization, blockchain, social interaction, NFT, document validation, monetization, and data privacy.

Key Features of Web3

Here are the novel features of Web3:

  • The participants of the Web3 platform control the content, policy, roadmap, etc., through Blockchain-based voting systems. Web3 decentralizes the internet so users come at the center and not the website owners. Virtually, users are the owners of the website or app.
  • The fundamental record-keeping technology of Web3 is a blockchain. It records all the transactions on the website or app made by the network computers.
  • Web3 often involves the use of cryptocurrencies as a means of value exchange within the decentralized ecosystem.
  • Web3 utilizes smart contracts, self-executing contracts with contract terms written in their algorithms. You don’t need to set up contract processing intermediaries because smart contracts are self-sufficient.
  • Web3 is highly interoperable. A Web3 website and mobile app can seamlessly communicate with each other to share data.
  • Being open source is also a key feature of many Web3 platforms.
  • Web3 uses decentralized storage to store website and app content using P2P networking like Torrents or IPFS protocol.

Importance of Decentralized Mobile App Development for Web3

DApps helps you to propagate your Web3 platform to the masses. Here’s why:

  • As of October 2023, 64.1% of users come from smartphones, as reported by SimilarWeb.
  • Desktop traffic makes up 34.53% and 1.38% of users come from tablet devices.

So, if your web3 property is only for desktop or web browsers, you might lose the opportunity to increase traffic and thereby customers or users.

Apart from increasing the user base, mobile DApps also help you to offer an excellent user experience to your users. For example, The Ethora super app enables you to create a fully functional DApp that contains the following must-have features:

  • Chat and messaging
  • Social sign-on
  • Push notifications
  • Gamification
  • Digital assets
  • Chatbots
  • Digital wallet
  • Tokenization of content

Therefore, your users don’t need to download any third-party apps to effectively use your DApp. They can perform all the actions on your DApps and become increasingly reliant on the app.

Moreover, DApps enable you to offer easy access to Web3 features to users without requiring the users to learn Blockchain, decentralization, tokenization, etc. They simply need to connect their digital wallet to the app and start using it.

Advantages of Integrating React Native and Web3

Find below the advantages of React Native and Web3 integration:

  • Develop decentralized mobile apps for your Web3 properties in React Native to enable you to invite users from both iOS and Android platforms using one shared codebase. Therefore, it becomes easy for you to reach a large audience.
  • There are many React Native and Web3-based DApp development engines that enable you to develop white-labeled apps for your business clients. One of the popular names is the Ethora engine.
  • React Native has a large and active community, which means you can benefit from a wealth of libraries, tools, and resources. Integrating with Web3 in a React Native environment allows you to tap into both React Native and Web3 ecosystems.
  • React Native facilitates rapid development with its hot-reloading feature, enabling your developers to see the result of their code changes almost instantly. This can speed up the development process for Web3-enabled mobile applications.
  • By integrating React Native with Web3, you can allow your users to seamlessly access and utilize the features of decentralized applications, such as blockchain transactions, smart contracts, and decentralized storage, in their mobile phones.
  • Many popular blockchain-based services are also offering dedicated SDKs for the React Native app development framework. For example, thirdweb, MetaMask SDK, Web3Auth, React Native and Solana, etc.

Challenges in Integrating React Native and Web3

Integrating React Native with Web3, which involves incorporating blockchain functionality into a mobile app, can pose several challenges.

Platform Compatibility Issues

React Native works across different platforms, including iOS and Android. However, Web3 implementations might behave differently on various platforms, leading to inconsistencies in user experience or functionality.

Performance Issues

Blockchain transactions and interactions can be resource-intensive. Balancing the performance requirements of a mobile application with the demands of Web3 functionality can be challenging, especially in terms of battery life and device resources.

Web3 Library Compatibility

Finding out that the Web3 library you choose is compatible with React Native can be challenging until you practically try that library. Some Web3 libraries are built primarily for web applications, and adapting them for mobile development requires additional effort.

Security Concerns

Blockchain and digital wallet transactions involve the use of sensitive keys. Ensuring the security of user data and private keys is a complex process. You need to use additional security log-in plug-ins for React Native.

State Management

Managing the application state, especially when dealing with asynchronous blockchain interactions, can be challenging.

Regulatory Compliance

Blockchain applications often need to comply with various regulations. Ensuring that the integration meets regulatory requirements, especially in the financial or sensitive data space, is an additional layer of complexity.

How to Overcome React Native and Web3 Integration Challenges

Here are some tips to overcome the challenges of Web3 and React Native integration:

  • Web3 libraries are often designed for web environments. Use libraries like react-native-webview to embed a web view and run your Web3 code inside it.
  • You can use react-native-secure-key-store to process private keys and sensitive information securely on Web3 DApps.
  • Web3 operations are often asynchronous posing a challenge to UI updates in React Native. You can use promises, async/await syntax, or libraries like redux-saga to manage asynchronous operations effectively.
  • Since React Native and Web3 libraries are updated regularly, you must also update your dependencies frequently.
  • Leverage tools like redux-logger to log state changes and actions related to Web3 operations.
  • Blockchain-related functionality testing can be another challenge. You must implement unit tests and use libraries like web3.js or ethers.js with testnets for testing. Also, you can consider using tools like Ganache for local Ethereum blockchain simulation.

Conclusion

So far, you’ve discovered the challenges and solutions for Web3 and React Native integration. If you’re starting a new decentralized mobile app development project, this article should help you prepare for the upcoming bottlenecks.

Instead of starting from scratch and reducing development costs, you can use DApp engines to develop decentralized apps through a low-code approach.

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